School district full time equivalent enrollment and personnel reports show employment has been growing much faster than enrollment. Since 1993 (the oldest data available from the Department of Education) enrollment grew 7 percent while total employment jumped 26 percent. The last twelve years has seen enrollment increase by 4 percent with total employment up 6 percent. Non-teacher employment grew much faster than classroom teacher employment over both periods, while Classroom Teacher employment outpaced enrollment over the long term (13 percent vs. 7 percent) and kept pace over the last twelve years. While enrollment grew just 4 percent since 2005, schools added 10 percent more Managers and 8 percent more Other Non-Teachers.
There were 16.4 students per classroom teacher in 1993 but only 15.5 students per classroom teacher in 2017. Students-per-teacher is not the same as class size, but it’s noteworthy that there are reports of class sizes increasing while there are fewer students per teacher.
Special Education teachers and Reading Specialists are not considered Classroom Teachers by the Department of Education; they are included in the total employment figures but not reflected in any categories in the adjacent table. Managers includes superintendents, assistant superintendents, principals, assistant principals, directors and curriculum specialists. All employment decisions are made by local school districts, and there are no state or federal mandates requiring any specific employment levels or positions.
Historical information gathered from state reports can be viewed by district and county here.